This post is older than a year. Consider some information might not be accurate anymore.
TestDisk is free data recovery software. I got serious problems with my 16 GB SDXC card. It was formatted with ext3 and the superblock was corrupt.
[ 151.452247] mmc0: tried to reset card [ 151.455632] mmcblk0: error -84 transferring data, sector 31268863, nr 1, cmd response 0x900, card status 0x0 [ 151.455636] blk_update_request: I/O error, dev mmcblk0, sector 31268863 [ 151.455638] Buffer I/O error on dev mmcblk0, logical block 3908607, async page read
Check devices with filesystems
tan@omega:/mnt$ lsblk --fs NAME FSTYPE LABEL UUID MOUNTPOINT sda ├─sda1 swap c5d4d58b-27ad-49dd-8255-01fb69795614 [SWAP] ├─sda2 ext4 bd9de86c-faa1-4968-ad14-71b12ca252c8 /tmp └─sda3 ext4 8e37730a-c66f-4c89-a472-1aa5429cd7a2 /home sdb ├─sdb1 vfat E3A3-A07D /boot/efi ├─sdb2 ext4 4f29469e-ada9-43ae-b9c4-1aa4cf7bce57 / └─sdb3 swap b0b73417-8369-41cc-9850-15a03904155e [SWAP] mmcblk0 └─mmcblk0p1
The SD card has no filesystem assigned. A case for testdisk. If you haven’t installed testdisk yet, you can install it with
sudo apt-get install testdisk
To prevent harming other devices or drives state explicitly the device
sudo testdisk /debug /dev/mmcblk0
It opens the console menu
TestDisk 7.0, Data Recovery Utility, April 2015 TestDisk is free software, and comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY. Select a media (use Arrow keys, then press Enter): >Disk /dev/mmcblk0 - 16 GB / 14 GiB
Select Intel/PC partition, since my card was formatted on Linux.
TestDisk 7.0, Data Recovery Utility, April 2015 Disk /dev/mmcblk0 - 16 GB / 14 GiB Please select the partition table type, press Enter when done. >[Intel ] Intel/PC partition [EFI GPT] EFI GPT partition map (Mac i386, some x86_64...) [Humax ] Humax partition table [Mac ] Apple partition map [None ] Non partitioned media [Sun ] Sun Solaris partition [XBox ] XBox partition [Return ] Return to disk selection
The following menu is showed:
TestDisk 7.0, Data Recovery Utility, April 2015 Disk /dev/mmcblk0 - 16 GB / 14 GiB CHS 488576 4 16 - sector size=512 >[ Analyse ] Analyse current partition structure and search for lost partitions [ Advanced ] Filesystem Utils [ Geometry ] Change disk geometry [ Options ] Modify options [ MBR Code ] Write TestDisk MBR code to first sector [ Delete ] Delete all data in the partition table [ Quit ] Return to disk selection
Run the analysis, it shows me I could still access my data, except for the corrupted data.
TestDisk 7.0, Data Recovery Utility, April 2015 Disk /dev/mmcblk0 - 16 GB / 14 GiB - CHS 488576 4 16 Partition Start End Size in sectors Linux 32 0 1 488543 3 16 31264768 superblock 0, blocksize=4096  superblock 32768, blocksize=4096  superblock 98304, blocksize=4096  superblock 163840, blocksize=4096  superblock 229376, blocksize=4096  superblock 294912, blocksize=4096  superblock 819200, blocksize=4096  superblock 1605632, blocksize=4096  superblock 2654208, blocksize=4096  To repair the filesystem using alternate superblock, run fsck.ext4 -p -b superblock -B blocksize device
The filesystem check didn’t work nor could I repair the damage to the superblock. Start the image backup with dd
TestDisk 7.0, Data Recovery Utility, April 2015 Christophe GRENIER <firstname.lastname@example.org> http://www.cgsecurity.org Disk /dev/mmcblk0 - 16 GB / 14 GiB 1 P Linux 32 0 1 488543 3 16 31264768 3.31 % ==> Disk images are mainly used - for forensics purpose - or to deal with media with bad sectors To use TestDisk or PhotoRec with this disk image, start a Terminal and run testdisk image.dd or photorec image.dd
Now mount the
image.dd as loopback device and copy the recovered data that can be rescued
tan@omega:~/tmp$ mkdir backup tan@omega:~/tmp$ sudo mount -ro loop -t ext3 image.dd backup/
Saves my day. It wasn’t that important, since I used Apple everything is perfectly covered with time machine, but good to know you can mostly rely on testdisk as last resort.